Special needs is a term generally used to describe the individuals who suffers from some kind of disabilities and require special care and assistance for their psychological, medical or mental disabilities. The degree and types of assistance needed depends upon the severity of disorder. Some of the common disorder requiring that can put the individual in a special needs category includes Down syndrome, autism, cystic fibrosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Syndrome (ADHD), dyslexia or blindness. However amputated/missing limbs or cleft palates are also regarded as a disability.
The children are mostly the victim of these special needs because most of these metabolic disorders are caused by a single or multiple defected genes and thus appears early in the life. These children are regarded as the special needs children and they require assistance both in education and daily routine. Different kinds of disabilities require different set of interventions and assistance in special needs children. The parents, teachers or any guardians must be properly trained and educated to help them understand the needs of their children. This will be of great benefit to both the children and the care givers. Some tips for the individual disorders are given below:
Visual, Hearing or Physical Limitations: Children with one of these dysfunctions needs special treatment and must be dealt with their impairment accordingly.
Learning Disability: The children with special needs cannot be given the routine education as given to other normal students. It will be very difficult for these children to cope with the normal education system and thus a modified and carefully designed education is setting is designed for such children. This is called the Special Education Needs (SEN) in which the educational setting is carefully designed to fit the needs of individual child based on his/her disability. But the extent of learning disability varies widely among the special needs children. Some might be able to learn and understand to same extent as the other students and some might need a lot of assistance depending upon the level of maturity. Most of the children interprets the precise literal meanings of the words so the care givers, teachers and parents need to select the words with great care so that the students may not misinterpret the meanings.
Autism: Management of children who suffer from autism is the most challenging for the caregivers. The understanding and learning ability is impaired and it is difficult to establish the extent to which the children are able to understand the provided information. The care givers need to closely monitor the cues in order to get knowledge of their fears and feelings give them better ways to communicate.
Some of the special needs children can be spotted immediately when one looks at them but there are some children which does not appear to be a special need children and most people don’t recognize them. You can however only notice the disability if you know that child well enough. An example is the child who may be troubled with anxiety. A random person cannot recognize them but their teachers, counselors and parents may be working to help the child cope with this disability.
The good care of such children is not just the responsibility of parents or teachers but the society as a whole and the special needs children shouldn’t be treated as a disable child instead they shall be deemed as a child that needs extra attention and assistance than the normal children.